Raj Kapoor – The Greatest Showman
Raj Kapoor – The Greatest Showman – As we all know, there is only one Greatest Showman in India & in Indian Cinema is Ranbir Raj Kapoor aka Raj Kapoor. Raj Kapoor born in Peshawar at Prithviraj Kapoor‘s, Kapoor Haveli on Dec 14, 1924. He was very famous actor in Kapoor Family, from where some bollywood superstars emerges for Hindi Cinema.
Raj Kapoor is considered one of the greatest effective filmmaker and actor in Indian Film History. He gained lots of appreciation and awards during his career.
Life & Career
Raj Kapoor was born in Punjabi Hindu family, Kapoor Haveli owned by Prithviraj Kapoor in 1924 at Peshawar, North Western Frontier Province, British India (in present-day Peshawar in Pakistan). Kapoor’s Great Grandfather name was Dewan Keshavmal Kapoor, Grandfather name was Dewan Basesheshwarnath Kapoor, his father name was Prithviraj Kapoor and his mother name was Ramsarni Devi Kapoor. Kapoor two brothers also acted in films Shashi Kapoor and late Shammi Kapoor and one sister Urmila Sial. Kapoor family moved from Peshawar for education purpose. In 1930s while settling of his father career they move city-to-city. Due to migrations Kapoor has to change many schools.
In 1935, Kapoor appeared in films for the first time, at the age of 10 in Inquilab. After 12 year’s Raj Kapoor got the break and play the lead role in Neel Kamal (1947) with Madhubala also play her first role as a leading lady. In 1948, when Kapoor was 24, he formed R.K. Films studio and making his debut in direction with multistarer film Aag in which he worked with Nargis, Kamini Kaushal and Premnath and became the youngest film director. In 1949 his first most successful film as an actor Mehboob Khan‘s Andaz in which he worked with Dilip Kumar and Nargis. He got his first success as producer, director with the film Barsaat.
Raj Kapoor produce several hit films under his R.K. Studio and also star in the films under in his Banner films too including Awaara (1951), Shree 420 (1955), Jaagte Raho (1956) and Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai (1960) and the last movie was directed by Radhu Karmakar, who is the longtime cinematographer of Raj Kapoor’s films, and he won Filmfare Award for Best Film. All these films create his screen image same as Charlie Chaplin‘s. Raj Kapoor had done several films outside his Banner like
In 1964, he produced and directed first colored film and work as a star along with Rajendra Kumar and Vyjayantimala in the romantic musical Sangam. After Sangam many movies released Around The World (1966) and Sapnon Ka Saudagar (1968) also starring with arising stars Rajshree and Hema Malini these were flops at box office and Sangam his last major success film. In 1965 Kapoor was a member of the Jury at 4th Moscow International Film Festival.
In 1970 Kapoor’s most ambitious film Mera Naam Joker produced, directed and starring himself, took 6 years to complete. Raj Kapoor son Rishi Kapoor make his debut through this film and playing the younger version of Kapoor character. In 1970 Mera Naam Joker was released, it was declared a box office biggest flop and this put Kapoor family into financial disaster. In 1971, with Kal Aaj Aur Kal Kapoor launched his eldest son Randhir Kapoor and starred himself, with his son Randhir, father Prithviraj Kapoor and Randhir’s to-be wife Babita. In 1973 he launched his second son career with Dimple Kapadia in Bobby (1973), which make both of them superstar. When Bobby released to theaters this become a box office winner, this is first in new generation of teen romances. Dimple wore biknis was quite unique for indian films. In 1975 Randhir Kapoor directed Dharam Karam in which he acted alongwith his son Randhir again.
In 1970s-1980s Kapoor produced and directed many films which focused on female protagonists Satyam Shivam Sundaram (1978) with Zeenat Aman, Prem Rog (1982) with Padmini Kolhapuri and Ram Teri Ganga Maili (1985) Mandakini introduced in this film. Kapoor played some roles in 1970s-1980s but played a famous supporting role alongside with Rajesh Khanna in Naukri (1978) and as the titular character alongside Sanjay Khan in Abdullah (1980). He also played a detectective role in two comedy films: Do Jasoos (1975) and Gopichand Jasoos (1982) both directed by Naresh Kumar who is a brother of Rajendra Kumar. In 1979 Kapoor was a jury member at the 11th Moscow International Film Festival.
Vakil Babu (1982) was a last appearance of Raj Kapoor, alongwith his younger brother Shashi. A film complete in 1982 titled Chor Mandali but it’s still unreleased due to legal issues in which he worked with very famous actor Ashok Kumar. Kapoor’s last acting role was a cameo appearance for British made-for-television film Kim which was released in 1984.
In his last years Kapoor suffered from asthama, and died due to severe asthama Kapoor died at the age of 63 on June 2, 1988. While receiving the Dadasaheb Saheb Phalke, he collapsed at the event and was taken to All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) for treatment. After a month he took his last breath, causing complications of asthama. At that time, he was working on the film (Indo-Pak based love story) Henna. The film was later completed by his sons Randhir and Rishi Kapoor and was released in 1991.
Raj Kapoor had received many awards in his career-
- 3 National Film Awards
- 11 Filmfare Awards
- 21 Nominations – for Awaara (1951)
- Nominated for Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival – Boot Polish (1954)
(His acting was outstanding and Top-Ten performance of all time by Time Magazine for Boot Polish.)
- In 1971 Government of India honoured him with Padma Bhushan
- In 1987 Government of India again honoured him with Dadasaheb Saheb Phalke – for the greatest contribution for arts and highest award for cinematic excellence in India.
- Stardust Awards – For Best Director of the Millenium in 2001
- Star Screen Awards – Raj Kapoor was named “Showman of the Milennium” in 2002
Association with other artists
Khawaja Ahmad Abbas
Khawaha Ahmad Abbas was a screenwriter and a director for a number of Raj Kapoor’s films:
- Awaara (1951)
- Anhonee (1952)
- Shree 420 (1955)
- Char Dil Char Raahein (1959)
- Mera Naam Joker (1970)
- Bobby (1973)
- Henna (1991)
Mukesh was Raj Kapoor’s cinematic voice. When Mukesh died, Raj Kapoor said “Maine apni awaaz ko kho diya”
- Mera Joota Hai Japani (Shree 420)
- Dil Jo Bhi Kahega (Dil Hi To Hai)
- Duniya Bananewale (Teesri Kasam)
- Jeena Yahan Marna Yahan (Mera Naam Joker)
One of Best memorial song of Raj Kapoor, it’s a meaningful song. Social Krown salute to this showman of indian cinema amaing contribution to Indian Cinema.